ATG (MarApr12) - Determining E-Z-GO Drive Sytems


TM from CAL Writes: I hear you talk a lot about drive systems and how do I tell what system is in my E-Z-GO car?


Determining if you car’s drive system is Regenerative /Dynamic Braking or Series is not that difficult. Regenerative/Dynamic Braking simply means the car’s system is called a SepEx system. The motor utilizes a separately excited field. Reversing direction of the motor on SepEx systems is done internally inside the controller with the use of a rocker switch. In a Series system, the motor fields are in series with the armature. Reversing the motor direction on Series systems is obtained by means of a large forward/reverse shifting switch/lever mounted on the front of the rear body. Series motors and controllers will not interchange with SepEx motors and controllers! That is why it is very important to identify what system your particular car utilizes. Pay close attention to the year and identity chart, as there are exceptions to rocker switch or lever switch reversing.


TS (JanFeb12) - Battery Sulfation

The following technically speaking first appeared in the March/April of 2005 Golf Car News Magazine. It has been updated and fact checked again for release in this issue.
The lead acid battery has been the battery of choice in the golf car industry for years. Until other battery technologies become economical enough to put under the seat of a golf car, at a reasonable price, lead acid battery packs will be in golf cars for the foreseeable future. In today’s tight economy, it is necessary to get every last drop of amperage out of a lead acid battery pack, there are products, old and new, that help to utilize every bit of life available in lead acid batteries. Today you will read about some of them.  First let us discuss what is the number one, life shorting event and killer of lead acid batteries, sulfation.

Sulfation is the most common cause of lead acid battery failure and here is why. As a battery cycles, crystalline lead sulfate begins to coat the surface of the electrode plates. Crystalline lead sulfate does not conduct electricity and cannot be converted back to its previous state under normal charging conditions. Over time this crystalline coating will start to limit the area on the plates where an electrochemical reaction can take place. As this materializes on all the surfaces of plates within a battery, the battery begins to lose its ability to hold a charge.

As the electrical resistance within a sulfated battery increases, receiving a charge begins to take longer, and less efficient charging produces excess heat. Higher battery temperatures cause longer cooling times and accelerate corrosion.  Over time and repetition the process spirals to the point where mechanical failure can take place as a side effects of the excess sulfation. Barring any mechanical failure of the battery, sulfation will be the ultimate mode of failure for 80% of all lead acid batteries. This is a time proven fact; sulfation shortens the life of most lead acid batteries.

Sulfation is a natural process that occurs in all lead acid batteries, and can be stopped by one of two different ways. The first and oldest method of desulfation, the process which sulfation is stopped and/or reversed, is the pulse method. This method has been around for quite some time. Our government has used pulse desulfation devices on military equipment since WWII. There are numerous competing manufactures of these devices. The claims are that, pulse technology battery desulfation is clean, efficient and will prolong the life of your batteries at least 20%. That’s 20% if used from day one on a new battery; you can double the life of an older battery or battery pack, by simply stopping and, or reversing sulfation.

Pulse desulfation in general is a small electrical device that is attached to the battery or batteries, which delivers a small electrical charge through- out the batteries plates. This charge causes the sulfate crystals to either dissolve or fall off the plates, depending whose literature you believe, and what product you get. These pulse devices have been the most widely used and have the longest track record of any method of desulfation around. They are most commonly used in the material handling industry, where battery replacement is both expensive and time consuming.

They pose two problems; one is the problem of attaching an electrical device to an electrical device. Murphy’s law may come into play and at some point, an electrical event will take place within the device or the battery that will do damage to the pulse device. The other problem for the golf car industry is the price. Some of these devices cost as much wholesale, as two-golf car batteries. That is a lot to pay to increase battery life by 20% or more, and not practical for the golf car industry. In the forklift industry a battery can be as much as $ 5,000, so a $300 pulse desulfater makes a lot more sense. Golf car battery sets, on the other hand can be as low as $366 for 6-volt and not more than $500 for 8-volt, wholesale pricing. A Pulse desulfater will have to come down in price to be a viable product for the golf car industry. Nivel is currently testing just such a device and my have an electric desulfater available in late 2009.

The other method that I have had success with over the past few years is a chemical method, an additive to the batteries electrolyte that actually reverses sulfation. This method of desulfation works faster than the pulse method. A set of mechanically sound batteries that can no longer hold a charge can be ready for action in about a half hour. Just by dissolving the sulfate crystals off the plates, the chemical reaction actually restores the batteries ability to hold a charge. I would not believe it, except I have seen it with my own eyes. The second advantage to this method is cost. The price to restore a set of batteries with a chemical desulfater is $37.50, one time. That is less than the price of one battery. Well worth the price even if it only extends the life by 20%, and well worth it if it doubles the life as it can for an older set.
Chemical desulfaters have been around for a number of years as well.

There are different types of chemical desulfaters. Some use cadmium, an extremely dangerous chemical. Others use non-hazardous chemicals that work as a catalysis, when added to the electrolyte. The way things are these days dangerous chemicals are just to great of a liability around the work place and should be avoided at all costs.

All chemical additives have a certain snake oil reputation to over come, and a non-hazardous chemical desulfater is no exception.  Nivel now carries a non-hazardous battery desulfater and demister. Both are in 12oz bottles desulfater is part # 14565 and the battery demister, a wonderful product that lessens battery gassing and watering for any voltage of battery is part # 6152. These products have been used extensively in the man lift industry, and have demonstrated their value there. I was not convinced until I saw them work myself, and have since have had Roger Kramer, A.K.A The Guru, test these products as well. He also is convinced of the value these have for our industry. I would expect you would be as skeptical as I was and need to see for yourself to believe it works. Give it a try on one of your next projects and I’ll bet that you make it part of your arsenal.

Industry News - March/April 2012

Features include both functionality and versatility

Curtis Industries LLC has a new addition to its line of cab systems for the Polaris Ranger.  The new PathPro SS cab system for the Polaris Ranger 800 Crew UTV offers functionality, versatility and value.

Because this vehicle is used in a multitude of applications, the new PathPro SS cab system’s rugged design will withstand a host of obstacles.  Its main feature is the interior, offering almost 100% panoramic visibility, allowing the driver easy access to see in all directions with limited view obstructions.

Using quality 30oz clear, double-polished vinyl, the PathPro SS cab system seals snug around the entire vehicle, making the ride virtually air tight with minimal noise intrusion. Each cab features a steel roof with textured powered-coat paint and acoustic headliner that comes in 2 pieces, for easy shipping and assembly. The windshield is made from polycarbonate with quantum coating, allowing the ability for optional wiper usage and reduced marring. Accessories are also available for these cab systems that include heaters, work lights, plows and spreaders.

For more information on Curtis products please visit


U.S. Battery Manufacturing announces one of the greatest advancements in deep cycle batteries in recent history…XC2™! Back in 2006 U.S. Battery introduced their trademarked XC® (Xtreme Capacity) formulation. This exciting improvement brought with it significant performance gains such as higher initial capacity, higher overall capacity, longer cycle life, improved energy density, better recharge ability, and stronger plates. At the time, these improvements were considered innovative and have helped to position the U.S. Battery brand as the top performer in the industry. Along the way U.S. Battery was challenged to make their product even better and with XC2™, they have risen to the challenge. In March of this year the second generation of XC® will be introduced into their complete line of golf and some specialty batteries. The XC2™ formulation uses the platform created by XC® and takes it several steps further. Donald Wallace, executive vice president stated that “for the past two years we have been listening to and working with some of our biggest customers. Their goal was to create an optimized performance package consisting of chargers, controllers and batteries. The objective was to get component suppliers working together to design a system that would work in perfect harmony, thus optimizing the performance of their equipment.” One of the biggest problems with large deep cycle flooded lead acid batteries has been the long break in period required to attain 100% of their rated capacity. Typically, the move to improve initial capacity performance in deep cycle batteries would lead to shorter cycle life. Using the XC2™ formulation allows the U.S. Battery brand to achieve 100% rated capacity in as few as 25 cycles as compared to competitive brands which take as many as 125 cycles or more to reach the same level. This performance jump increases the amount of runtime that consumers can expect, increasing customer satisfaction and brand reliability. Not only do batteries using the XC2™ formulation reach capacity sooner they stay at rated capacity for a greater number of cycles.

Another problem encountered by deep cycle battery users is related to the industry switch to high frequency or smart chargers. Creating the correct charger algorithm for large battery packs using these charger types has proven to be more difficult than originally expected. Improving charge efficiencies in deep cycle batteries plays an integral part in ensuring a complete battery recharge within the industry required time standards as well as working with chargers that are at the top end of their capability. To further complicate things, states such as California are implementing legislation which will place energy efficiency requirements on combined charger/battery systems for any battery powered application, including equipment using large deep cycle batteries. Once adopted in California it is anticipated that these limiting charger/battery efficiency requirements will spread to other states as well. The XC2™ formulation improves overall charge efficiencies in the U.S. Battery brand making it highly compatible with the wide range of chargers used in the field. Mr. Wallace further stated that “Implementing XC2™ allows our batteries to reach full charge at minimum input levels well within the California range. We have not seen this ease of recharge in any other brands making the U.S. Battery XC2™ brand the new industry benchmark.”

The benefits of XC2™ include:
•    Highest initial capacity
•    Fastest cycle up to full rated capacity
•    Greatest total energy delivered over the life of the battery
•    Ultimate compatibility with the wide range of chargers currently used in the field
•    High charge efficiency designed to meet the new California Energy Commission regulation for combined charger/battery charge efficiency

U.S. Battery has spent the past two years testing internally and coordinating with independent testing to ensure that XC2™ is working as promised. The results achieved with the XC2™ formulation are impressive and set new standards for deep cycle battery performance.


Minter’s Golf Cart Sales operates by a simple but effective principle, said president Tom Minter. “We treat customers like we want to be treated… we always have and always will.”

That motto has kept customers happy and Minter’s Golf Cart Sales has grown steadily in the past 22 years—with golf cart sales numbered in the thousands.

Minter’s Golf Cart Sales recently opened a branch in Urbanna at 5437 Old Virginia Street, just west of town. Minter explained his business has built a large customer base in Middlesex County. With two large campgrounds in the area, the Urbanna store will make it more convenient for local customers.

When it started in 1989, Minter’s Golf Cart Sales was one of the few places in the area that sold and serviced golf carts. Customers came to Minter’s main store in Tappahannock from as far away as Virginia Beach, Chesapeake and Maryland. “They have stayed with me through the years,” he said.

Minter’s also sells golf carts wholesale and internationally, and has several commercial customers, which include hospitals, government agencies and corporations that use golf carts as utility vehicles.

Minter’s Golf Cart Sales specializes in new, used and reconditioned golf carts as well as service, accessories, parts and short or long term rentals.  The firm has a well-stocked parts department. Service technicians have the training to make all repairs, and Minter’s will pick up and deliver your golf cart, said Minter.

Minter’s, one of Virginia’s largest E-Z-GO golf cart dealers, also sells Car Club and Yamaha carts, and offers financing and insurance. Minter’s sells an average of 700 golf carts a year.  Minter’s was one of the first to customize golf carts with lift kits and custom wheels and tires, and can even build “stretch limo” golf carts or carts for utility use.


Evergreen Electric Vehicles, LLC endorses the Solar Drive system as the preferred Solar Top for all of its vehicles. “We are very impressed with the quality and performance of the Solar Drive products,” says Keith Andrews, President of Evergreen Electric Vehicles.  “The robust design and attention to detail are qualities that drew us to the product.  The management and support staff are highly professional and forward thinking.  We wanted to give our customers some direction on which of Solar top to consider.”

The Solar Drive top fits a wide range of vehicles. The hardware to install the top uses top quality stainless steel fasteners and the solar panels are surrounded by an attractive extruded aluminum frame with a Scandinavian flare.  Solar Drive’s home office is located in Denmark.

The Solar Drive top converts solar energy from two one hundred watt PV modules through a proprietary Maximum Power Point Tracking charge controller to maximize the amps and volts to the battery pack.

“The use of the latest state of the art solar panels along with a superior management system is what differentiates the Solar Drive system from the others.” says Erik Andersen, General Manager of Global Sales for Solar Drive.  “This free power from the sun can extend the vehicles range five to ten miles per day, depending on a variety of conditions.  By keeping the batteries constantly charged, the rate and level of discharge is improved, which over time will improve the battery life,” adds Andersen.

To learn more about the Solar Drive system or to locate a Solar Drive distributor near you , go to .  To find our more about the full line of Evergreen Electric Vehicles go to

The Easley Chamber of Commerce officially welcomed Xtreme Carts to the Easley business community on Wednesday.

Xtreme Carts has been in operation since 2004 when owners Travis and Angel Weathers set up shop on Latham Road. In April they moved the retail location to its new home at at 6129 Calhoun Memorial Highway.
Angel said it began as a hobby for Travis and his sons- Preston, 13, and Cameron, 7.  “We bought a golf cart for them to tinker around with and it just took off from there,” Angel said.

The family-owned business makes custom made golf carts and four-wheel drive hunting vehicles which they sell locally and nationally from the Xtreme Carts retail store and through the company’s website. The shop also carries outdoor gear, hunting gear and also repairs carts and hunting vehicles.

The Weathers even have their own patented hunting cart — the Stalker XTV. Travis designed the Stalker XTV solely for hunting purposes and said he’s sold the carts to hunters as far away as Iowa and Texas.

Travis began his career working in paint and body shops for businesses in Greenville and decided to launch his own business here in Easley so he could spend more time with his family. “It’s just fun to be able to work with my kids around,” Weathers said.

Members of the Greater Easley Chamber of Commerce gathered at the store on Thursday to officially welcome Extreme Carts to the Easley business community.

“We’re proud to have Xtreme Carts as the newest member of the Chamber of Commerce,” Greater Easley Chamber of Commerce President Kent Dykes said. “We wish them success in their business and their family.”


The PowerFilm panels cut battery charging costs as much as 20%

PowerFilm Inc., the Ames manufacturer of flexible solar panels, is partnering with Textron Co. to make solar power an option for E-Z-GO golf cars and other electric vehicles.

The companies said in a product announcement that they had developed a snap-top installation system that allows PowerFilm’s solar cells to be easily attached to the roofs of E-Z-GO cars. The rooftop solar system will be available in February. Pricing for the option has not yet been established, said PowerFilm’s Mike Coon.

The panels are expected to reduce energy costs for charging the batteries in golf cars by as much as 20 percent, the companies said. PowerFilm has experimented with solar-powered golf cars for some time, and last year made 10 solar-powered cars available for use at the Principal Charity Classic golf tournament in West Des Moines.

The companies said the advantages of solar power include increased driving range, easy installation of the rooftop panels and reduced energy costs. The panels are lightweight and durable, weighing less than 7 pounds. They are “designed and manufactured using military-grade specifications,” the announcement said.

“The solar panel creates, on average, enough electricity per year to offset nearly 175 pounds of carbon dioxide emissions,” it said. “E-Z-GO’s partnership with PowerFilm aligns with our commitment to environmental excellence,” said E-Z-GO President Kevin Holleran in the announcement. PowerFilm President Tim Neugent said the Ames company has been working with E-Z-GO for more than two years.

The product rollout is consistent with PowerFilm’s efforts in recent years to promote use of its flexible solar cells to the building industry for rooftop installations. The company has also worked with the military to develop solar panels that can be used on tents and other installations to promote remote power for computers and other devices used in desert situations.

Yamaha Golf-Car Company is proud to announce the recent hiring of Matthew Jones as District Sales Manager for south Texas.

Jones is an experienced golf professional who joins YGC after two years as General Manager for Cross Timbers Golf Course in Azle, Texas. His prior experience includes a four year tenure as Director of Golf at Koasati Pines Golf Course in Kinder, Louisiana and has worked as a member of the golf staff at Barton Creek Resort in Austin, Texas and at Golfcrest Country Club in Pearland, Texas.

Matt graduated from Tulane University in New Orleans with a degree in Business Management and received his membership into the Professional Golfers Association in 2006.

“Matt has a great deal of golf course experience and understands the challenges faced by today’s golf clubs and managers. We feel this knowledge gives him the inside track in understanding how to build a better relationship with General Managers, Course Owners and Golf Professionals”, said Kevin Norcross, Department Manager of Direct Sales and Marketing for Yamaha. “We’re happy to have Matt on our team and know he’ll do an excellent job taking care of our customers in south Texas.”

If you’d like more information, please visit us on the web at


Golf course maintenance professionals and club managers to gain innovative products, business-focused services and improved after-the-sale support

To enable greater global growth, John Deere recently underwent a global reorganization of its golf business, which will now fully integrate into the John Deere Agriculture & Turf Division.  The enhanced organization puts the full resources – innovation, expertise and history – of the expansive John Deere Enterprise behind its golf business, allowing John Deere Golf to better serve golf superintendents and greenskeepers, club managers, and maintenance professionals.

“We see an exceptional opportunity within the global golf business,” said John Lagemann, vice president, sales and marketing, John Deere Agriculture & Turf Division. “And, we’re well positioned, as an Enterprise, to strengthen our industry position worldwide. By aligning more closely with their peers, our golf-dedicated team members now have more resources at their disposal. As a result, our customers ultimately will benefit through more innovative products, improved business services and reinforced after-the-sale support.”

This expanded global focus not only keeps current team members in positions aligned with their experience, but also integrates them into focused business units that have additional resources.

“We are pleased that we’ll now be able to fully leverage John Deere’s global reach, backed by 61,000 employees, a $32 billion company and a $3 million-a-day investment in research and development,” said Gregg Breningmeyer, global segment manager, John Deere Golf.  “While this is an exciting internal change, we remain focused on our customers. We understand they play a key part in managing golf facilities, and we’re looking forward to leveraging our global assets to help them fortify and grow their businesses, as we grow ours.”

“John Deere Golf is trusted by some of the most demanding facilities and customers in the industry,” continued Lagemann. “So, it’s a natural progression for us to utilize all of our resources to grow globally…and to help our customer grow in all of our markets. John Deere prides itself on its commitment to continual improvement and learning, and this is best realized when each of our businesses are able to benefit from the focus and strength of our entire global organization.”

For more information please visit;

CS (MarApr12) - Trojan Battery

Trojan Battery Company took top honors in Golf Course Industry magazine’s reader survey ranking the industry’s best golf product vendors based on product quality, market communication and brand strength.  As the world’s leading manufacturer of deep-cycle batteries, Trojan was listed as one of the companies most admired by readers as well as a company they can trust to provide reliable products and support.

“The results from Golf Course Industry’s reader survey affirm Trojan’s unwavering commitment to product quality, dedication to exceptional customer service, and overall support of the golf marketplace,” said Jeff Elder, president of Trojan Battery Company.  “We are pleased that Trojan’s product and corporate objectives resonate and are valued by golf course superintendents.  Trojan will continue to focus on building industry-leading quality, performance and reliability into our battery products.”

Golf Course Industry magazine’s reader survey was conducted online polling its more than 30,000 readers.  The survey asked superintendents a variety of questions on the reputations of companies in the industry they purchase products from to maintain their golf courses.  The reader survey featured multiple choice questions which included random listings of industry vendors to prevent the same few companies from being consistently chosen simply because they were at the top of the lists.

“There are hundreds of companies competing for the attention of golf course superintendents today,” said Pat Jones, publisher and editorial director of Golf Course Industry. “It’s a tribute to Trojan Battery that they were among the Top 50 most admired and trusted suppliers in our business.”

According to the magazine’s feature story “… (The reader responses) don’t define total market share or sales.  What they do is give us an idea of which companies superintendents think are meaningful to the industry right now.”

For more information on Trojan Battery Company, visit

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