ATG (JulAug09) - Turn Signals


What about regular turn signals?

T.H. from Nebraska


ANSWER:ASK JulAug09 wiring

That is kind of a loaded question! Manufacturers vary so much with wire colors and it is very difficult to just say one fits them all. It seems a wire color standard is not observed in the golf car industry. So it is imperative that you have the correct diagram for the system you are working on.


With this said I have tried to keep our product as close to a repetitive color scheme as possible. Most turn signal heads are either a 4 or 8 wire design. The 4 wire design is used strictly for turn signals. The 8 wire is most widely used and will accommodate a brake light circuit. We will only talk about the 8 wire system.


The head consists of 6 positive circuits. They are LH turn front, RH turn front, LH turn rear, RH turn rear, indicator light, and brake lights.


The next step is to bring in battery positive to the flasher and to the turn signal head for proper distribution to each circuit. Notice the flasher has three connections. L is black wire load to the head. P is blue wire power to the head. X is battery positive from a 12-volt source. X is a red fused wire. Usually the red X wire is connected to the headlight on/off switch. Simply put, all this means is when moving the head lever left or right you are only diverting battery positive to each circuit!


Now here is where most people get confused. Battery negative pre-exists from the headlight circuit. The only negative circuit to the turn signal head is the white wire for the indicator light.


You must also separate the front marker lamps from the headlight circuit! Once separated the appropriate wire can be connected.


The rear lights must be a 3 wire design utilizing a double filament bulb.

TS (JulAug09) - Pistons & Rings

By: Matt Vallez

This article originally appeared in the July / August, 2001 issue of Golf Car News Magazine and has been reprinted for this issue.


Today we are going to talk about pistons and rings, more precisely about the way piston rings fit into piston grooves. There are a lot of different ways that piston rings fit into the piston groove. For instance most 2-cycle (E-Z-GO & Yamaha) pistons have a tapered or beveled inside edge also called an upper side keystone ring. This type of piston ring must be put in with its tapered side facing up. The rings will not seat into the groove if put in with the taper side down. Also putting the backside or rear edge of a piston ring into the groove is not an accurate way to check if a tapered ring is the correct size for that piston ring groove.


This time of year we receive numerous calls claming that piston rings do not fit the piston ring groves and are the incorrect size. Usually we can explain about the tapered side facing up and fix the misunderstanding, in extreme cases we will put the rings on the piston and send it to the customer. To make things a little more confusing aftermarket rings and not always marked the same way as the O.E.M. rings. Below is a diagram that should help to clear up some of the confusion with the 2-cycle or any tapered piston rings.

TS JulAug Piston1


If you were confused with the 2-cycle rings, the 4-cycle piston rings are even more difficult. All 4-cycle pistons are not the same. What is common about the 4-cycle piston & rings are that they all have three ring grooves. The top groove is for the compression ring, middle is for the wiper ring and the bottom groove is for the oil ring. There are different types of oil rings, some are three piece and others are one. Also different types of compression rings, some are tapered some are not. The compression rings for Yamaha G2 & G9 piston are tapered. The most important thing to remember about 4-cycle pistons and rings are that they are all different. Each ring fits in one groove and one groove only.







TS JulAug09 Piston2It is important to get the correct rings in the proper ring groove. Failure to do so will make it impossible to assemble the engine or even worse, cause damage to the cylinder if you are able to get the incorrectly assembled piston and ring into the cylinder. Aftermarket pistons and rings are not necessarily marked like the O.E.M. piston & rings. The diagram below should be helpful for getting the 4-cycle rings correct.


Aftermarket pistons and rings are made of the highest quality materials and produced to exact tolerances. It is worth checking to be sure that the rings are going into proper groove in the correct direction before assuming that the piston & rings are faulty. Having the knowledge to perform a task properly the first time is invaluable; it will not only save time and energy but also money. I hope that this will be helpful to all who take time to read it.

CS (JulAug09) - Going Green With Solar Products


Earth Care Products was incorporated in 1992 with the vision and goals of developing a Green Business Model that consist of products and procedures to improve the quality of living. Our goals were to develop Green Products that would produce energy by using nature’s resources in solar, and reduce energy cost by inventing and designing state of the art products. 

Our latest invention, a design patent,  The Solar Golf Car Charging System designed from Thin Film Amorphous Solar modules manufactured by Power Film, and a unique quick plug wiring harness, that includes the new technology of the Smart Controller work synergistically to  add power, travel distance, endurance and extended battery life to a golf car.  Our system is subject to tax benefits, and promote environmentally friendly stewardship of our nations golf courses.  

Each day seems to deliver more testimonies and endorsements that enforce the quality and performance of Earth Care’s Charging System. One of our first  to sign up as a dealer was Little Egypt Golf Cars, Ltd.,  Neal and Marcie Smith,  Owners,  and prestigious winners of the EZ-GO Golden Circle Award, with 20 years experience in the business. There Testimony, ” We are very excited about the possibilities of the Earth Care Peel and Stick Solar Top. We have test where we ran the E-Z-GO RXV 36 holes and the car was still 100% charged after the round.  In years past, we experimented with the crystalline  solar panel type but the results never met our expectations. The Earth Care Product is the first solar panel that has truly performed to our level of expectations and in fact has exceeded those expectations. We are excited to be associated with Dr. Grady”

With more major companies calling, ordering and testing our products. To name a few, Disney World, EZ-GO manufacturing, Sea World, US Navy,  Golf Cars of Ms, Curt Busching 25 year Club Car Distributor followed by other Club Car  and EZ-GO Dealers. We now have products in several foreign countries.

Our manufacturer, Power Film, has recently moved into a new facility and are available to Earth Care Products offering three shifts for mass production. Therefore, we can now offer truck load quantities and at the same time deliver that very special size you need for your surface area. By conducting lab test and new field test we are now utilizing our new technology. We begin with a low volt panel, allowing our smart controller that monitors and optimizes the charging process to service 24, 36, 48, 72 and even 90 volts, we are able to begin with more amps and use only the amps needed to keep batteries charged.

Industry News - July/August 2009

PSC Inc., the manufacturer of the world’s warmest heater has announced that it has a new option, CM. This option CM incorporates a built in digital battery charge meter. This digital meter has ten segments which clearly show the exact status of the battery charge from fully charged to an 80-percent discharge rate of the battery.

To find out more information about the PSC line and the new option, CM, please visit

Flow-Rite Controls has been recognized as one of the 2009 “Michigan 50 Companies to Watch,” an awards program sponsored by the Edward Lowe Foundation and presented by Michigan Celebrates Small Business. 

“In today’s economy, Companies to Watch has become a real game changer,” says Penny Lewandowski, director of entrepreneurship development at the Edward Lowe Foundation, a nonprofit operating foundation based in Michigan. “It changes the conversation from slow-growth, layoffs and closing, to companies that are expanding, hiring, and moving beyond traditional markets.”

“Presenters of the Michigan program recognized this potential since its inaugural year, five years ago,” Lewandowski says. “With a vow to find 50 new companies to celebrate each year, Michigan 50 Companies to Watch is now 250 strong. These are the companies that sustain Michigan through tough times and are transforming how the rest of the nation views the state.”

As a vertically integrated company, Flow-Rite Controls designs, manufactures, and markets fluid control devices that are widely used in lead acid batteries, recreational fishing boats, laboratory and medical devices. Flow-Rite is continuing to expand its product line up to include refill valves for tire inflation as well as a new line of fasteners that will be used broadly across all industries.

When asked about being selected, Flow-Rite’s President Dan Campau said, “Our team is excited to have been selected as a Michigan 50 to Watch Company. It’s nice to know that even though our work is buried in the bilge of a boat or under a forklift seat, it still gets noticed. We are excited to explore our many growth opportunities with both our existing and upcoming new products. In anticipation (of this growth) we have just completed a 49K square foot addition that doubled the size of our facility. Through our business growth across the country and in international markets, we are proud to call Michigan our home.”

Companies nominated for the “Michigan 50 Companies to Watch” list must be second-stage companies, defined as having 6 to 99 full time equivalent employees and generating $750,000 to $50 million in annual revenue or working capital from investors or grants. In addition, the companies must be privately held and headquartered in Michigan.

Nearly three-quarters of golf course operators surveyed reported some vandalism or misuse of their golf car fleets, at a price tag estimated at more that $8 million per year, according to a report prepared by Club Car. 

Some of the key statistics unveiled in the recently issued whitepaper included:
72 percent of courses reported vandalism or golfers playing extra holes without paying for them
27 percent of operators reported retrieving a golf car from a lake or creek
48 percent reported unauthorized use of golf cars
42 percent reported golf cars being driven in unauthorized areas
21 percent reported theft of golf cars

Several insurance providers contacted for the survey cited the costs resulting from golf car vandalism or misuse, both actual damages and lost revenue as well as higher insurance rates for courses which do not take steps to protect their golf car fleet from vandals.

Cruise Car, Inc. showcased their solar electric hybrid vehicles on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC on Earth Day, April 22nd, 2009.

“What could be better than Earth Day to show people just how much we benefit from the sun,” said Greg Hyde, spokesman for Cruise Car. “Solar energy is rapidly growing in its potential for providing alternative energy solutions and we are here to show people how they can use the free resources of the sun for low speed vehicle transportation.”

Cruise Car is the market leader for a full line of unique 2-14 passenger solar electric transport solutions ideal for planned communities, golf courses, college campuses, municipalities, military bases, corporate parks, resorts, federal agencies and all owners of fleet vehicles that seek to improve the efficiency of their transportation systems.

“Earth day is all about embracing our natural resources. It celebrates our integrity, ability and desire to develop alternative energy solutions that will make our earth cleaner and better,” said Hyde. “Cruise Car’s entire mission is to provide solar powered transportation where it makes sense, from a family of NEV (neighborhood electric vehicles) to an entire fleet of maintenance vehicles.”

Founded with the mission to provide affordable, alternative energy transportation solutions and to help combat rising greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, Cruise Car, Inc. is the world’s leading manufacturer of Solar Electric Hybrid Low Speed Vehicles with over 50 models in its product line and distribution on four continents. Cruise Car can be made street-legal in most states and driven on roads with speeds posted 35mph or lower.

Eco-Trans Alliance, Cruise Car’s parent company, also offers comprehensive consultation and solutions to institutions seeking a one stop resource that can significantly reduce their carbon footprint while implementing logical cost savings measures, providing products such as solar charging stations, rapid chargers, GPS tracking systems, solar roof kits, solar cart barns, prefab solar parking garages and related energy-saving products and services.

“We are honored to have the opportunity to have our solar electric hybrid vehicles at our Nation’s Capitol for Earth Day,” Hyde said, “And we appreciate the support we have received from the offices of Senators, Mel Martinez (R-FL) and Bill Nelson (D-FL) and from our very own congressman Vern Buchanan (R-FL). Clearly, there is a growing commitment throughout our country to address our energy policies and our heavy reliance on fossil fuels. We’re excited to show how Cruise Car can help be part of the solution.”

For more information, please visit

The Golf Industry Show received the No. 77 ranking from Tradeshow Week magazine for its 2008 event in Orlando, up from No. 82 the previous year.

Tradeshow Week compiles data submitted from trade shows and ranks the 200 largest annual trade shows in the United States. Rank is determined by net square feet of paid exhibit space. Show listings include: net square feet, number of exhibiting personnel, space rates and location. The ranking covers the 2008 calendar year only. There are approximately 3,500 trade shows that occupy 5,000 square feet or more of exhibit space each year in the United States.

Overall attendance at the 2008 Golf Industry Show in Orlando was a record 25,737, and there was a record 10,553 qualified buyers – those who can directly influence a purchase decision. The trade show itself was the largest ever with 965 companies represented with exhibits covering a record 300,900 square feet.

“This ranking is a great measuring stick against other trade shows outside of the golf industry and provides positive feedback for our exhibitors,” show officials noted. “We look forward to next year’s show in San Diego, the formal addition of the USGA, and the format enhancements that will be so beneficial to everyone involved in the event.”

The Golf Industry Show is presented by the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCAA), National Golf Course Owners Association (NGCOA), and Club Managers Association of America (CMAA), along with participating partners Golf Course Builders Association of America (GCBAA), American Society of Golf Course Architects (ASGCA), and the National Golf Foundation (NGF). The United States Golf Association (USGA) will join the Golf Industry Show beginning in 2010 as a participating partner. Responding to member and exhibitor desires to preserve more of their weekends, the trade show portion will be conducted Wednesday and Thursday (Feb. 10-11), with virtually no competing events.

J. Rhett Evans, director of the parks, recreation and commercial facilities division for the city of Mesa, AZ. Has been selected as chief operating officer for the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCSAA).

Evans, who will begin July 9, will plan and direct key aspects of organizational operations, including policies, objectives and strategic initiatives. He will be responsible for developing and implementing key programs that support GCSAA’s short- and long-term financial and operational goals to ensure sustained growth.

“I am honored to have been selected as GCSAA’s chief operating officer and look forward to joining the team and working with the members,” Evans said. “All of my previous experiences with GCSAA have been terrific. The association has a great reputation. I have had a wonderful time in Mesa and will miss the city and the great people I have worked with and for. It takes a special opportunity for me to leave, and I consider GCSAA to be just that.”

Evans earned both his undergraduate (sociology major/emphasis in business) and graduate (recreation management and leadership/emphasis is public administration) degrees from Brigham Young University. He is also a graduate of the Public Assembly Facility Management School.

Evans has been with the city of Mesa since 2001, serving as director of the convention center and amphitheatre until 2005 before he advanced to his current position. He currently manages a staff of more than 700, through a team of 12 supervisors and three assistant directors, in all program areas, including convention center and amphitheatre, spring training baseball complex (Chicago Cubs), cemetery, two golf courses, recreation and aquatic complexes and 2,600 acres of park space. He manages a $32.5 million annual operating budget and a $27 million capital improvement budget.

Evans, 40, also has experience in facility and events management at the Delta Center and Franklin Quest Stadium in Salt Lake City and the McKay Center in Orem, Utah.

For more information visit

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